Hemp oil benefits
There has been a lot of confusion around cannabis/hemp, hemp oil, hempseed oil, and the chemicals CBD and THC. Let’s clarify these differences.
All of the above mentioned oils and compounds are manufactured from varieties of the Cannabis plant. Cannabis is an annual flowering plant indigenous to eastern Asia. Today it can be found all over the world due to widespread cultivation. It has been used for various reasons since ancient times including medicine, religious and spiritual activities, textile, industrial fiber, culinary oils, and skincare oils. Each part of the plant is harvested differently, depending on the purpose of its use.
The Cannabis plant contains more than 500 compounds, over a 100 of these compounds are called cannabinoids. Cannabinoid compounds affect the nervous system, each compound has its own specific effect. The main psychoactive compound is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Another cannabinoid compound in high concentration is called cannabidiol (CBD). CBD is not psychoactive like THC. Other cannabinoids can only be found in trace amounts.
Hemp and marijuana are technically the same plant (Cannabis). The main difference is the THC and CBD content. Through selective breeding and cultivation environment control, different varieties of the cannabis plants can be grown. Higher THC is found in the flowering plant, the flowering plant (marijuana plant) is the female plant. It requires a highly controlled environment to achieve maximum THC levels, therefore, this plant is usually grown inside. The primarily male plant (hemp) doesn’t flower and is low in THC. This plant is grown outside to maximize size and yield.
The two main subspecies of the Cannabis plant are the Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. Cannabis sativa seeds are used to make hempseed oil. Hempseed oil contains about 80% as essential fatty acids: omega-3, omega-6,
that do not contain significant amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Hempseed oil has a low smoke point, it’s not suitable for frying.
CBD can be found in the stem, leaves & flowers of the hemp plant, however, the flower is by far the most valuable for a dense, rich, balanced CBD & full-spectrum oil. CBD based products are becoming incredibly popular for their enormous therapeutic potential and wide range of possible applications. These oils are classified as dietary supplements by the FDA at the moment, but growing scientific research data point to the beneficial uses of hemp and CBD oils.
Cold pressed hemp oil is extracted from the seed of the cannabis sativa plant and contains no or minimal CBD. This is the type of hemp oil we use in our Mother’s Healing Balm and All Purpose Balms. It contains no CBD.
Hemp oil contains terpenes. Terpenes are the aroma molecules found in plants. Also terpenes are major biosynthetic building blocks. Terpenes and terpenoids are the primary constituents of the essential oils of medical plants. Beta-caryophyllene (pepper) and myrcene (musk) are both been found in hemp oil. According to recent research, beta-caryophyllene acts as a cannabinoid in the body. It engages some of the same cell sites as smoked cannabis. In particular, the terpene interacts with cell receptors that regulate the immune system. Myrcene has been found to have antidepressant and anti-inflammatory effects. It also acts as an antioxidant and helps molecules move across cell membranes. The combination of essential fatty acids, vitamins, antioxidants and healing terpenes make hemp oil one powerful healing agent for skin health as well as a superfood.
Hemp oil also contains a balanced ratio of Omega 3, Omega 6, Omega 7 and Omega 9. For skin healing, a type of Omega 6 Gamma Linolenic Acid is especially important because it plays an important role in skin healing and repair.